It is obvious that the Sermon on the Mount and ethical principles cannot be separated. The moral behavior of Christ’s followers is strongly connected to the teachings of Jesus.
As Jesus began the Sermon on the Mount he first laid a foundation that focused on the supreme blessings, the Beatitudes, of his followers. After this foundation was laid out, Jesus then addressed the subject of “salt” and “light” and the actions of his followers.
With these two spiritual principles established, Jesus then begins to define the ethical principles of those who follow him. Jesus made it clear to his followers that he did not come to establish some a new law or a new world order but rather came to fulfill the moral and ethical laws that been around for centuries. He said,
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished. Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.” – (Matthew 5:17-20)
After making this statement, Jesus then begins to teach the laws of ethical behavior. His lessons create a type of behavior that relates to strong moral principles.
In the next five pages the teachings of Christ will be showing a morally good and correct way of living. These are practices and actions of daily living that avoid activities that do harm to people.